Child Psychology

Child Psychology is the changes (biological, psychological and emotional) that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence. Child psychologists examine and identify that how a child interacts with the world, to understand their mental development.


  • With the acceptance as well as the awareness of parents Autistic features in children can be controlled.
  • Training autistic children at the right time can be brought into the stream of life.

A severe neuro-developmental disorder that impedes the ability to communicate, interact and socialization. It affects the nervous system and also affects the overall cognitive, emotional, social of the affected person.

Autistic children can be brought into the stream of life through cognitive training as well as different therapies by an expert psychologist. With these trainings, children can do their daily routine on their own.

Autism symptoms

  • He prefers to be alone.
  • He avoids or rejects physical contact.
  • Delayed speech and language skills
  • He avoids eye contact.
  • He doesn’t understand emotions — his own or others’.
  • Echolalia (repeating the same phrase over and over)
  • Not recognizing sarcasm or joking
  • Repetitive behaviors like hand-flapping, rocking, jumping, or twirling
  • Fixations on certain activities or objects
  • Specific routines or rituals (and getting upset when a routine is changed, even slightly)
  • Extreme sensitivity to touch, light, and sound
  • Fussy eating habits
  • Impulsiveness (acting without thinking)
  • Aggressive behavior, both with self and others
  • Short attention span


Basically, ADHD is the most common mental disorder among children.

It may cause hyperactivity in behavior, difficulty in concentrating on a task, difficulty in paying attention and impulsive behavior and also not sitting comfortably in one place.

Such behavior interferes with school and home life. Such children can sabotage at home or school.

Adults with ADHD, may have trouble managing time, staying organized, setting goals, and also in finding jobs. In addition, they may have problems forming or maintaining relationships, lack of self-esteem and addiction problems.

Treatment of ADHD is done through different trainings and therapies given by an experienced psychologist.

ADHD Symptoms

  • difficulty paying close attention to details.
  • has trouble organizing tasks and activities.
  • has a shorter attention span and is easily distracted.
  • difficulty with structured schoolwork.
  • unable to sit still.
  • fidgets, squirms in seat.
  • takes risks with little thought for the dangers.
  • has trouble waiting their turn.
  • interrupts or intrudes on conversations.
  • Struggle to follow instructions.
  • Be constantly in motion.
  • Be impatient.

Intellectual disorder

Intellectual Disability, once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly. There are varying degrees of intellectual disability, from mild to profound.

Symptoms of Intellectual Disability will vary based on your child’s level of disability and may include:

  • failure to meet intellectual milestones
  • sitting, crawling, or walking later than other children
  • problems learning to talk or trouble speaking clearly
  • memory problems
  • inability to understand the consequences of actions
  • inability to think logically
  • childish behavior inconsistent with the child’s age
  • lack of curiosity
  • learning difficulties
  • IQ below 70
  • inability to lead a fully independent life due to challenges communicating, taking care of themselves, or interacting with others

If your child has ID, they may experience some of the following behavioral issues:

  • aggression
  • dependency
  • withdrawal from social activities
  • attention-seeking behavior
  • depression during adolescent and teen years
  • lack of impulse control
  • passivity
  • tendency toward self-injury
  • stubbornness
  • low self-esteem
  • low tolerance for frustration
  • psychotic disorders
  • difficulty paying attention

Specific Learning disorder

Common signs that a person may have learning disabilities include the following:

  • Problems reading and/or writing, Problems with math, Poor memory .
  • Poor reading and/or writing ability, Eye-hand coordination problems.  
  • Problems of paying attention, Trouble in following directions, Clumsiness.
  • Problems staying organized, Difficulty staying focused; being easily distracted .
  • Inability to discriminate between/among letters, numerals, or sounds.
  • Problems dealing with changes in schedule or situations, poor memory.
  • Problems understanding words or concepts, short attention span.
  • Poorly coordinated, difficulties with sequencing. 
  • Disorganization, Performs differently from day to day, Trouble in telling time .
  • Responds inappropriately in many instances, difficult to discipline.
  • Restless, impulsive, difficulty listening and Remembering,

Exam Stress

 Reason of Exam Stress


  • hard to understand what studied, High expectations of result
  • Anxiety, Lack of concentration, Inability to sleep, Migraines or headaches
  • Panic attacks, External Pressure, Internal Pressure, Competition
  • Lack of Preparation, Less Coping Techniques, Procrastination regrets
  • Too many shifts at work, Not Prioritizing course material
  • Lacking a proper workspace, Not enough sleep, Unhealthy eating
  • don’t take enough breaks, Symptoms of Exam Stress:
  • Feeling confused, Losing touch with friends, Feeling moody and low
  • Having trouble making decisions, Feeling overwhelmed
  • Lack of motivation to do anything, Trouble sleeping or getting out of bed
  • Tense muscles or headaches, Having an upset stomach or feeling sick
  • Fidgeting, nail biting, teeth grinding, feeling of despair, anxiety or worry
  • inability to concentrate, inability to relax

School Refusal

Causes of School Refusal

  1. Separation anxiety, Social Anxiety, Avoids social situations
  2. Depression, Acute Stress disorder,
  3. Bullying
  4. Academic issues or difficult relationships with teachers,
  5. Avoids school complaining of headaches, stomach pain, feels sick, dizziness, joint pain, vomiting, chest pain, respiratory problems
  6. Skips meals or binge eating or may not eat lunch at school
  7. Nightmares and trouble sleeping
  8. Decline in self-esteem or feels helpless
  9. New onset of self-destructive behaviors, hurts self, suicide threats
  10. Sexual harassment,
  11. Excessive need to stay in touch with the parent or caregiver while away, Homesickness
  12. learning difficulties
  13. starting or changing schools or moving home
  14. Avoid scary things– for example, difficult schoolwork, teachers, the canteen and so on
  15. Conflict with friends

Play Therapy

Benefits of Play Therapy:

  1. The ability to process emotions that they may not be able to express in other ways.
  2. A decrease in undesirable behaviors and an increased capacity regulate their own behavior.
  3. Development of independence and creative thinking.
  4. Improvement of social skills and ability to respect others.
  5. Stronger relationships with family members.
  6. Become more responsible for behaviors and develop more successful strategies.
  7. Develop new and creative solutions to problems.
  8. Develop respect and acceptance of self and  others.
  9. Learn to experience and express emotion.
  10. Cultivate empathy and respect for thoughts and feelings of others.
  11. Learn new social skills and relational skills with family.
  12. Develop self-efficacy.

Art Therapy

Art washes from the soul, the dust of everyday life.” ~ Pablo Picasso

Benefits of art therapy:

  1. Promoting self-expression, feelings, and emotions.
  2. Promoting a sense of personal independence.
  3. Self-reliance, and self-sufficiency.
  4. Facilitating hand-eye coordination, fine and gross motor skills, and finger dexterity.
  5. Facilitate insight, empathy and acceptance.
  6. Develop interpersonal skills, increase their attention-span.
  7. Alleviate Symptoms of Depression, Reduce Stress.
  8. Address Past Traumas, Reduce pain and irritability. 
  9. Self-discovery, Problem-solving skills.
  10. Self-management, healthy coping strategies.
  11. Emotional release,  Relax your mind and body.

Cognitive Training

Benefits of Cognitive Training

  • Improves mental health, . Mental well-being
  • Mental improvement, Improves working memory.
  • Targets specific area of brain that will help in everyday routines.
  • Makes to perfect in specific area, Better attention span.
  • Slows cognitive decline, Long lasting benefits.
  • Improves information retention, Improve eating habits.
  • Cognitive speed and decision making, Relax your mind
  • Strengthening balance, speed, agility, Improves reasoning.
  • Solve attention issues , Helping to improve reaction times.
  • Improves the ability self-management, You get smarter!
  • Improves the ability of understanding language.
  • Helping to improve reaction times Improves.
  • Improves both short term and long term memory.
  • Improves in communication skills, Enhances physical health.
  • Decreases depression and anxiety.

Portage Training

Portage Management focuses on skills in these five areas:

  • Physical skills (reaching, crawling, rolling, walking, drawing, building, fine and gross motor skills, writing).
  • Cognitive skills (thinking, learning, solving problems, sorting, critical thinking).
  • Expressing emotions, interacting.
  • Communication skills (talking, listening, speaking, articulation, understanding others).
  • Self-help or adaptive skills (eating, toileting, dressing).
  • Social or emotional skills (playing, feeling secure and happy, with others).
  • Diagnosed conditions, Autism Spectrum Disorder.
  • ADHD, Intellectual Disability,
  • Cerebral Palsy, Down Syndrome.
  • It will help on his or her strengths to learn new skills, improve behaviors, and remediate areas of weakness.

Behavioral Modification

  • Behavior modification is a psycho therapeutic intervention primarily used to eliminate or reduce or replace undesirable behavior with more desirable behaviors in children or adults.
  • Behavior modification has been successfully used to treat
  1. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),
  2. Phobias,
  3. Enuresis (bed-wetting),
  4. Generalized anxiety disorder,
  5. Separation anxiety
  6. Disruptive behavior and Autism,
  7. Self-mutilation
  8. Eating disorders
  9. Anger management issues.
  10. Aggressive, passive aggressive behaviours.
  11. Assertive behaviours,
  12. Passive behaviours,
  13. To strengthen new desired behaviours .
  14. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
Behavioural Modification, Psychologist

Speech Therapy


Speech disorder such as problem in pronunciation, inferiority complex, lack of knowledge, and also Stuttering.


Other disorders related to speech impairment include:

Apraxia – In this, the part of brain is affected which controls the process of natural speech.


Dysarthria – In which the muscles of the mouth, face, or respiratory system become weak or have difficulty moving.


People suffering from this disorder usually know what they want to say but they fail to express their thoughts by giving them words which leads to depression.

Proper intervention helps to overcome these problems.