Mental Illness, Do you know what is it?

Do you know what is mental illness?

Mental Illness, tension, different personalities

In earlier times the health of the person was poor, after that the person used to get mental illness. Nowadays, first, a person gets mental diseases, after that physical diseases occur. Mental illness refers to a number of mental health conditions– disorders that affect your mood, thinking, and behavior.

The causes of mental illness are depression, anxiety, schizophrenia and also eating disorders.

Many people have health issues with mental problems from time to time. But it becomes a mental illness one day when its symptoms often cause stress and affect your ability to function as well as your life.

A mental illness can make you very unhappy as well as cause problems in your daily life, such as trouble sleeping, problems with school or work, or also in relationships.

There are many types of mental diseases, some of its types are as follows-

Anxiety: Intense, excessive and persistent worry and fear about everyday situations. Fast heart rate, rapid breathing, sweating and feeling tired may occur.

Losing memory: Inability to remember events for a period of time, often due to brain injury, illness or the effects of drugs or alcohol.

COMMON CAUSES: Memory loss can have causes that aren’t due to underlying disease e.g. include ageing, stress or lack of sleep.

Bipolar disorder: A disorder associated with episodes of mood swings ranging from depressive lows to manic highs.

Depression: Depression happens to a person who is always under stress. Often the person who is afraid of something or a situation over which he has no control starts feeling tension, due to which pressure starts building on him.

Parkinson’s disease: A disorder of the central nervous system that affects movement, often including tremors. Nerve cell damage in the brain causes dopamine levels to drop, leading to the symptoms of Parkinson’s.

Hallucination: A perception of having seen, heard, touched, tasted or also smelled something that wasn’t actually there.

COMMON CAUSES: Hallucinations can have causes that aren’t due to underlying disease e.g. include drug intoxication.

Tension: Stress can be understood as any physical, chemical as well as emotional factors that causes physical and mental discomfort and can become a factor in disease formation. Physical or chemical factors that can cause stress include shock, infection, poison, disease, and any type of injury.

Dementia: A group of thinking and social symptoms that interferes with daily functioning.

Not a specific disease, dementia is a group of conditions characterized by impairment of at least two brain functions, such as memory loss and judgement.

Delusion: A belief or altered reality that is persistently held despite evidence or agreement to the contrary, generally in reference to a mental disorder.

Types of mental illness in children

Psychological services, mental health, child psychology, therapies, tests, psychological center

Autism: A serious developmental disorder that impairs the ability to communicate and interact.

Autism spectrum disorder impacts the nervous system and affects the overall cognitive, emotional, social and physical health of the affected individual.

ADHD:  A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity and impulsiveness.

ADHD often begins in childhood and can persist into adulthood. It may contribute to low self-esteem, troubled relationships and difficulty at school or work.

Dyslexia: Learning disorder characterized by difficulty reading. Dyslexia occurs in children with normal vision and intelligence.

Fear (Phobia): An unpleasant feeling triggered by the perception of danger, real or imagined.

Alzheimer’s disease: Progressive disease that destroys memory as well as other important mental functions. Brain cell connections and the cells themselves degenerate and die, eventually destroying memory and other important mental functions.

Weak memory: With age, the memory is weak, but some children and adults also have trouble remembering things. A person’s memory may be impaired due to nutritional deficiency or any injury or disease.

Alzheimer’s: Amnesia is a disease. It is named after Alois Alzheimer, who first described it. The symptoms of this disease include loss of memory, inability to make decisions as well as difficulty in speaking. And then due to this, serious condition of social and family problems etc. 

There are many types of symptoms:

Basically, the symptoms and types of mental illness appear depending on the circumstances of the patient’s home and other factors. Don’t doubt the strange behavior of the patient because symptoms of mental illness can affect feelings, thoughts, and behavior. It has the following symptoms –

  • Feel depressed.
  • Distraction or loss of ability to concentrate.
  • Feeling extreme fear or worries or feelings of guilt.
  • Extreme changes in mood.
  • Being separated from friends and other activities.
  • Fatigue, low energy or problems sleeping.
  • Withdrawal from reality (delusions), insanity, or hallucinations.
  • Inability to deal with daily problems or stress.
  • Trouble understanding problems and people and people.
  • Alcohol or drug use.
  • Big changes in eating habits.
  • Libido changes.
  • Extreme anger or violent behavior.
  • Suicidal thoughts.

What are its causes?

Genetic and family environment are known to be the cause of all mental illnesses. These reasons are as follows:-


Mental illness is more common in people whose relatives also have mental illness. Certain genetic factors can increase your risk of developing mental illness. And your life situation can trigger it.

Exposure to certain environmental factors before birth

Environmental stress, stimulating conditions, exposure to toxins, alcohol or drugs in the womb can sometimes lead to mental illness.

Brain function

Naturally, neurotransmitters carry brain chemicals to your brain and other parts of the body. When the nervous system associated with these chemicals, It doesn’t function properly, changes occur in the nerve receptors and nervous system leading to depression.

What are the risk factors for having a mental illness?

Certain factors can increase your risk of developing mental health problems, including:

  • Mental illness to a parent or sibling or person of any other blood relation.
  • Experiencing a stressful life situation, such as financial problems, someone’s death or divorce.

How can mental illness be prevented?

Mental illness, depression, tension, sad

There are many ways to prevent mental illness, but there is no sure way. However, if you have a mental illness, Then understand your personality through a personality test which can help to manage stress and increase self-esteem. For this keep the following things in mind-

Pay attention to your psychologist’s warning signs – Talk to your doctor about which habits or conditions may be triggering your symptoms. Make a plan, so you know what to do if you experience any symptoms. If you notice any changes, then contact your psychologist. Also notify family members or friends to look for warning signs.

Get regular medical attention – Don’t forget to visit a psychologist. Especially, if you are not feeling well. Either you may have a new health problem that needs to be treated or you are experiencing a side effect of a medicine.

Get help – Mental health conditions can be hard to treat if you wait until symptoms get worse. Long-term treatment can help prevent symptoms.

Take care of yourself – Adequate sleep, a nutritious diet and regular exercise are important. Try to maintain a rule. If you’re having trouble or have questions about diet and exercise, talk to your psychologist.

How is mental illness treated?

Treatments for mental diseases are as follows-

1. Need for hospitalization: Hospitalization treatment for mental illness usually includes immobilization, monitoring, medication, fluid and nutritional care, and other urgent emergency care.

  • Person with severe mental health symptoms requiring hospitalization
  • When the patient has hallucinations or delusions.
  • If patient is having frequent suicidal thoughts.
  • Patient has not been sleeping properly for a long time, or has not eaten properly.
  • Lack of ability to care for oneself due to mental illness. 

2. Psychotherapy: There are many types of psychotherapy available for mental illness, such as –

Individual therapy – Individual therapy is a type of psychotherapy where a person interacts with their therapist to address feelings, sadness, and other mental health problems using a variety of strategies and methods.

Group therapy – Group therapy is usually led by a therapist as well as involves several people.

Family therapy – In family psychotherapy, family members meet with a therapist to resolve issues.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy – Cognitive behavioral therapy is the most common psychotherapy. It can be used at individual, group or family level. In this therapy, therapists try to replace the patient’s unusual thoughts and behaviors with positive ones.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy – This psychotherapy emphasizes accepting and validating unhealthy thoughts, feelings, and behaviors and trying to strike a balance between acceptance and change.

Interpersonal Therapy – Interpersonal therapy involves solving problems in people’s relationships and teaching new interpersonal and communication skills to improve the quality of the relationship.

3. Medicines: Medications can be used to treat the symptoms of mental illness. Medications are often used in conjunction with psychotherapy. The following medicines are used for mental illness –

  • Antidepressant medicines.
  • Anti-anxiety drugs.
  • Mood stabilizers.
  • Antipsychotic drugs.

4. Alternative Treatments: Following are some alternative treatments for mental illness –

  • Yoga
  • Pay attention
  • Nutritious food
  • Exercise

Complications of mental illness

What complications can arise from mental illness?

Mental illness is a major cause of disability. Untreated mental illness can lead to serious emotional, behavioral and physical health problems. Mental illness can also cause legal and financial problems. It has the following complications:-

  • Suffering and loss of enjoyment of life.
  • Weakened immune system, which takes time for your body to fight off infection.
  • Family problems.
  • Problems in relationships.
  • Social solitude.
  • Problems related to tobacco, alcohol and other drugs.
  • Poverty and homelessness.
  • Suicide or harm to others.
  • The risk of accidents increases.
  • Heart disease and other medical problems.

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